Study of incidence of iron deficiency anemia in children’s aged 1-5 years admitted in hospital

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Author: 
Ramamoorthy R., Balachandar C S., Chidambaranathan S and Nisha

Introduction: Anemia in children is an important health problem in almost all the developing countries of the world with an estimated prevalence of 43 %. Iron deficiency (ID) is still a common nutritional deficiency in developing countries responsible for more than 50% of total anemia cases in children under 5.

Methodology: 100 children between the age of 12 months to 5 years, who were admitted (In patients) to the department of pediatrics, were selected and screened for anemia by hemoglobin estimation. On admission, a detailed history of the patient was recorded; a through physical examination was carried out and complete blood count with smear study was done to establish the morphology.

Results: In the present study incidence of anemia was more in 12 – 24 months (34%), male cases dominated the incidence of anemia. 88% of children admitted with anemia, presented with compliant of either GI (diarrhea& vomiting) or fever, 58% were in the moderate anemia and out of 100 children 53 (53 %) of children had microcytic blood picture.

Conclusion: Microcytic hypochromic picture was common among rural population

Limitations: In the above study the number of children was limited and other red cell indices was not evalvated.

Page: 
24-27
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