Treatment of osteoarthritis through various alternative therapies

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Author: 
Radha, R and Markynti.M.Sohaln

Osteoarthritis is a heterogenous group of conditions that lead to joint symptoms and signs which are associated with defective integrity of articular cartilage, in addition to related changes in the underlying bone at the joint margins. According to the World Health Report 2002, osteoarthritis is the 4th leading cause of year lived with disease at the Global level. By 2030, a projected 67 million people will have doctor diagnosed arthritis around the world. In India the incidence of osteoarthritis is as high as 12 percent of the population. This high frequency of osteoarthritis in India is the consequence of its prevalence among women who fall victim to it. Osteoarthritis affects both men and women. Management of osteoarthritis through diet is very challenging because the strongest risk factor for osteoarthritis, particularly of the knee, is overweight and obesity. Nutritional management seeks to ensure a well balanced diet and to control excessive body weight and the painful pressure on weight-bearing joints. Therefore, a variety of complementary therapies have also been proposed as a solution to managing pain in osteoarthritis, including topical aids, manipulative therapies, and acupuncture.

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