The effect of training to relieve cancer patients’ chemotherapy symptoms

Hilal Pekmezci and Sevilay Hintistan

Objective: This was a quasi-experimental study to assess whether the training given to cancer patients affected their chemotherapy symptoms.
Methods: The sample consisted of 60 patients who had received chemotherapy (intervention group 30 patients; control group 30 patients) in the Trabzon/Turkey. The data were collected using the Patient Information Form and Chemotherapy Symptom Assessment Scale between September 2012-September 2013. The first individual training for the intervention group took place after the second cycle of chemotherapy. The Chemotherapy Symptom Training Booklets were distributed to these patients. Individual training for each patient in the intervention group was repeated after the third and fourth cycles of chemotherapy. The Chi-Square, Mann Whitney U tests, percentages, median were used to evaluate the data.
Results: When compared with the patients in the control group, the patients of the intervention group had a lower frequency of the symptom “constipation”; a lower severity of the symptom “vomiting after treatment” and “problems of mouth and throat” symptoms; a lower degree of discomfort of the symptoms “vomiting after treatment”, “pain”, “infectious signs”, “problems of mouth and throat”, “changes in appetite”, “feeling of weakness”, “feeling unusual fatigue”, “feeling distressed/anxious”, and “feeling pessimistic and unhappy” symptoms (p<0.05).
Conclusions: As a result of the training they underwent, patients experienced some relief from their chemotherapy symptoms

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